Sunday, November 20, 2011

Bible Study #4 "The Pre--existence of Christ" Christianity 101- Apostle's Creed Series

Bible Study #4,
Christianity 101 - The Apostle's Creed-
"We Believe In Jesus Christ-The Alpha and Omega"
The Pre-existence of Christ

Teacher: Dr. Fletcher Law
Fletcher LAW and GRACE Ministries
Redeemer Bible Studies
Redeemer Bible Fellowship

A Bible study on The Main Topics Of The Apostles' Creed
(as usually recited today)

The basic creed of churches, as most familiarly known, is called the Apostles' Creed.
We view it as a concise declaration or affirmation of orthodox or solid Christian historical teaching. It is under the authority and not equal to Scripture. It has received this title because of its great antiquity; it dates from very early times in the Church, a half century or so from the last writings of the New Testament.

THE APOSTLE"S CREED

I believe in God, the Father Almighty,
the Maker of heaven and earth,
and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord:
Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost,
born of the virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, dead, and buried;
He descended into hell.
The third day He arose again from the dead;
He ascended into heaven,
and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty;
from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Ghost;
the holy catholic church;
the communion of saints;
the forgiveness of sins;
the resurrection of the body;
and the life everlasting.
Amen.

http://www.reformed.org/documents/index.html?mainframe=http://www.reformed.org/documents/apostles_creed.html

WE BELIEVE IN JESUS CHRIST

Jesus means-Savior in Greek.
Christ means -Anointed One in Greek.

He has always existed as part of the God-head or Trinity.

John 1:1-4 English Standard Version (ESV)
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4 In him was life,and the life was the light of men.

Micah 5:2(ESV)
2 But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah,
from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old, from ancient days.

Isaiah 9:6 (ESV)
6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Genesis 1:26 (ESV)
26Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."

Angel of The Lord in the Old Testament
Gen. 16:7-13 deals with Hagar.
Gen. 22:11-18 deals with Abraham.
Judges 6:11-24 deals with Gideon.


The following info is from
RUSTY SWORD'S
BIBLE EXPOSITION PAGE

formerly known as

COMPARATIVE ORTHODOX
PROTESTANT THEOLOGY ********

*******"Christ's Preincarnate Appearances

Theophanies appear on many occasions in the Old Testament. There is overwhelming evidence to support the idea that an Old Testament theophany is a preincarnate appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ. Below, some of these theophanies will be discussed, and evidence will be given to support the idea that they are appearances of Christ.

The Angel of the LORD

This angel appears on numerous occasions throughout the Old Testament. And yet it is clear that He is something more than other angels.

His Identity as Jehovah

The Angel of the LORD is often identified as Jehovah. We can see this in Gen. 16:7-13, when He spoke with Hagar, and in Gen. 22:11-18, when, after the offering of Issac, He confirmed His covenant with Abraham. We see Him again identified as Jehovah in Judges 6:11-24. And here we'll notice something else which is significant. We see the Angel of the LORD accepting worship, which an ordinary angel wouldn't do. Only Jehovah is to be worshipped.

His Distinction from Jehovah

While the Angel of the LORD is identified as Jehovah, He is also distinguished from Jehovah. In Gen. 24:7, we read of Jehovah sending his angel. Zech. 1:12-13 is the clearest revelation of the distinction, for there we see the Angel of the LORD speaking with Jehovah.

His Identity as the Second Person of the Trinity

One who believes in the Trinity will have no difficulty with the idea that the Angel of the LORD is identified as Jehovah and yet distinct from Him. This would mean that He is one of the members of the Trinity. Walvoord gives four reasons why the Angel of the LORD should be identified as the second person of the Trinity.

First, the second person is the visible God of the New Testament. The Father has been heard, but never seen. The Spirit has been seen only in the form of a dove, and only in one instance. But Christ, indwelt by the fullness of the Godhead, walked among men, visible and touchable. It therefore seems logical to conclude that the Angel of the LORD would be the second person of the Godhead.

Second, the Angel of the LORD no longer appears after the incarnation of Christ. It seems logical to conclude that the reason why He appears no longer is because in the New Testament He appears as the incarnate Christ.

Third, both the Angel of the LORD and Jesus Christ were sent by the Father. In the Trinitarian relationship, it is the Father Who sends the other two persons.

Fourth, the Angel of the LORD could not be either the Father or the Spirit. He could not be the Father because John 1:18 tells us that "No man hath seen God at any time." He could not be the Spirit, since the Spirit is immaterial. Therefore, He must be the Son.

Some of these same arguments will apply to the other theophanies which will be discussed below.

The Man Who Appeared to Abraham

In Genesis 18, three men appear to Abraham. It is apparent that one of them is Jehovah (the other two are probably angels), since the text actually says so (v. 13). Furthermore, He knows of Sarah's laughter within herself, and we see Abraham praying to Him. Like the Angel of the LORD, this is a physical manifestation of Jehovah, and must therefore be a preincarnate appearance of Christ.

The Captain of the Host of the LORD

In Joshua 5:13-15, we read of a man whom Joshua meets near Jericho. The man identified Himself as "captain of the host of the LORD." He accepted Joshua's worship, and told Joshua to remove his shoes because he was on holy ground, just as Moses had to do when the Angel of the LORD spoke to him from the burning bush (Ex. 3). This demonstrates the deity of the Captain, which leads us to the conclusion that this is another preincarnate appearance of Christ.

Other Appearances

Time and space do not permit a discussion of every preincarnate appearance of Christ. But we would do well to mention just a few more here, such as the pillar of fire and the cloud that guided Israel in the wilderness, the man who wrestled with Jacob (Gen. 32), the man who appeared to Daniel near the Tigris River (Dan. 10, cp. Rev. 1:13-16), and perhaps the writer with the inkhorn of Ezekiel 9.

Christ's Preincarnate Works

Christ was not idle during the ages before His incarnation. Micah 5:2 tells us that His "goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting." In this section, we're going to take a look at some of these "goings forth."

Creation

Christ's work in creation is plainly revealed in the New Testament. In John 1:3 we read, "All things were made by him, and without him was not anything made that was made." In Col. 1:16, we read, "By him were all things created," and in Heb. 1:10, "And, Tnou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands." Therefore, His work in creation is obvious.

Preservation

Christ is said to be the force which holds all things together. If He does that now, then He also did it before His incarnation. We read of His preservation of the universe in Col. 1:17 and Heb. 1:3.

Revelation

As the Angel of the LORD, Christ was frequently involved in bearing messages to men. He was also involved in Revelation in other physical appearances.

Deliverance

Christ's work of deliverance before His incarnation can be seen in many instances. As the Angel of the LORD, He stopped Abraham when He was about to slay Issac. Also as the Angel of the LORD, He stood between the camp of Egypt and that of Israel while the Red Sea was parting. He was with Israel in the wilderness, and provided water from out of a rock on two occasions (Ex. 17, Num. 20, cp. I Cor. 10:4).

Guidance

Christ, in the form of a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night, guided the children of Israel in the wilderness.

Salvation

Christ was involved, even before His incarnation, with man's salvation. Scripture does not give us a great amount of detail as to the nature of His saving ministry before the incarnation, but we are told in 2 Cor. 5:19 that "God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them."

Conclusion

We have examined in this treatise Christ's preincarnate existence, His preincarnate appearances and His preincarnate works. It is hoped that this treatise has been convincing and profitable, and that the reader will find a fresh new appreciation of the unity of the Scriptures, and that the reader has gained a little more weaponry whereby to fight off cultic heresies related to the person of our Savior. Althouph the author does not encourage arguments with such people, it is nevertheless important that the believer be fully persuaded of his own beliefs." ********

Jesus is the Alpha and Omega

Revelation 22:12-14
English Standard Version (ESV)
12"Behold, I am coming soon, bringing my recompense with me, to repay everyone for what he has done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end." 14Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life and that they may enter the city by the gates.

Next we will study Jesus Christ who not only is fully God but also fully man.

He knows us and hears us.

Hebrews 4:14-16
English Standard Version (ESV)
Jesus the Great High Priest

14Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

No comments:

Post a Comment